A comparison and analysis of phase change materials-based reconfigurable silicon photonic directional couplers

Posted on 14.01.2022 - 17:23
The unique optical properties of phase change materials (PCMs) can be exploited to develop efficient reconfigurable photonic devices. Here, we design, model, and compare the performance of programmable 1×2 optical couplers based on: Ge2Sb2Te5, Ge2Sb2Se4Te1, Sb2Se3, and Sb2S3 PCMs. Once programmed, these devices are passive, which can reduce the overall energy consumed compared to thermo-optic or electro-optic reconfigurable devices. Of all the PCMs studied, our ellipsometry refractive index measurements show that Sb2S3 has the lowest absorption in the telecommunications wavelength band. Moreover, Sb2S3 -based couplers show the best overall performance, with the lowest insertion losses in both the amorphous and crystalline states. We show that by growth crystallization tuning at least four different coupling ratios can be reliably programmed into the Sb2S3 directional couplers. We used this effect to design a 2-bit tuneable Sb2S3 directional coupler with a dynamic range close to 32 dB. The bit-depth of the coupler appears to be limited by the crystallization stochasticity.

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Teo, Ting Yu; Krbal, Milos; Mistrik, Jan; Prikryl, Jan; Lu, Li; Simpson, Robert (2022): A comparison and analysis of phase change materials-based reconfigurable silicon photonic directional couplers. Optica Publishing Group. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5686099.v2
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AUTHORS (6)

Ting Yu Teo
Milos Krbal
Jan Mistrik
Jan Prikryl
Li Lu
Robert Simpson
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