Emergent optical nonreciprocity and chirality-controlled magneto-optical resonance in a hybrid magneto-chiral metamaterial.
Posted on 2023-01-24 - 23:43
Broken spatial and time reversal symmetries in materials often give rise to new emergent phenomena in the interaction between light and matter. The combination of chirality and broken time reversal symmetry in magnetic field leads to magneto-chiral phenomena, such as the nonreciprocity of transmission. Here, we construct a terahertz hybrid metamaterial that combines the natural optical activity of a chiral metallic gammadion bilayer and the magneto-optical activity of semiconductor indium antimonide, InSb, in magnetic field. We report a resonant magneto-chiral effect that leads to polarization-independent nonreciprocal optical transmittance. Furthermore, we discover a striking magneto-optical Faraday effect that is resonantly controlled by the natural optical activity of the chiral gammadion bilayer. Unlike the optical activity due to chirality, the novel Faraday effect is odd under time reversal. Both phenomena are activated by a modest magnetic field, which makes them practical for real-world applications in polarization-independent optical isolation and highly efficient polarization control at terahertz frequencies.
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Peng, Peisong; Thapa, Grija; Zhou, Jiangfeng; Talbayev, Diyar (2023): Emergent optical nonreciprocity and chirality-controlled magneto-optical resonance in a hybrid magneto-chiral metamaterial.. Optica Publishing Group. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6351632.v2
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