Fourier ptychographic topography
Posted on 2023-03-17 - 15:07
Topography measurement is essential for surface characterization, semiconductor metrology, and inspection applications. To date, performing high-throughput and accurate topography remains challenging due to the trade-off between field-of-view (FOV) and spatial resolution. Here we demonstrate a novel topography technique based on the reflection-mode Fourier ptychographic microscopy, termed Fourier ptychograhpic topography (FPT). We show that FPT provides both a wide FOV and high resolution, and achieves nanoscale height reconstruction accuracy. Our FPT prototype is based on a custom-built computational microscope consisting of programmable brightfield and darkfield LED arrays. The topography reconstruction is performed by a sequential Gauss-Newton based Fourier ptychographic phase retrieval algorithm augmented with total variation regularization. We achieve a synthetic numerical aperture (NA) of 0.84 and a diffraction-limited resolution of 750nm, increasing the native objective NA (0.28) by 3×, across a 1.2 × 1.2mm^2 FOV. We experimentally demonstrate the FPT on a variety of reflective samples with different patterned structures. The reconstructed resolution is validated on both amplitude and phase resolution test features. The accuracy of the reconstructed surface profile is benchmarked against high-resolution optical profilometry measurements. In addition, we show that the FPT provides robust surface profile reconstructions even on complex patterns with fine features that cannot be reliably measured by the standard optical profilometer. The spatial and temporal noise of our FPT system is characterized to be 0.529nm and 0.027nm, respectively.
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Wang, Hao; Zhu, Jiabei; Sung, Jangwoon; Hu, Guorong; Greene, Joseph; Li, Yunzhe; et al. (2023): Fourier ptychographic topography. Optica Publishing Group. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6455950.v2
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