Nonlinear rotation of spin-orbit coupled states in hollow ring-core fibers

Posted on 12.05.2022 - 21:17
We experimentally demonstrate that when two spin-orbit coupled orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes of opposite topological charges co-propagate in the Kerr nonlinear regime in an optical fiber, the vectorial mode superposition exhibits a unique power-dependent rotation effect. This effect is analogous to nonlinear polarization rotation in single-mode fibers, however, the added spatial dimension produces a visually observable rotation of the spatial pattern emerging from the fiber when imaged through a linear polarizer. A dielectric metasurface q-plate was designed and fabricated to excite the desired mode combination in a hollow ring-core fiber that supports stable propagation of OAM modes. The observed spatial patterns show strong agreement with numerical simulations of the vector coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations. These results constitute the first measurements of what can be described as the spin-orbit coupled generalization of the nonlinear polarization rotation effect.


Dacha, Sai Kanth; Zhu, Wenqi; Agrawal, Amit; Ritter, Kenneth; Murphy, Thomas (2022): Nonlinear rotation of spin-orbit coupled states in hollow ring-core fibers. Optica Publishing Group. Collection.
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Sai Kanth Dacha
Wenqi Zhu
Amit Agrawal
Kenneth Ritter
Thomas Murphy
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