Standalone, CMOS-based Faraday rotation in a silicon photonic waveguide
Posted on 23.06.2022 - 15:14
Nonreciprocity is a fundamental requirement of signal isolation in optical communication systems. However, on chip isolator designs require either post-processing steps or external magnetic biasing, which are impractical for commercial applications. This raises the need for standalone devices which support nonreciprocal functionality using standardized fabrication techniques. Here, we report the first design of an electromagnetic coil surrounding a waveguide which exclusively employed the complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process flow. The coil supported an electric current up to 14 mA. In simulations, it generated an alternating magnetic flux density up to 1.16 mT inside a strip waveguide and thereby induced a rotation of 50.71 picodegrees for the fundamental transverse-magnetic mode at a wavelength of 1352 nm. Our analysis further revealed methods to increase the rotation by orders of magnitude. It demonstrated the scope of manufacturing processes and serves as a building block for the development of a commercially viable, on-chip optical isolator.
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DMello, Yannick; Bernal, Santiago; Helmy, Adam; Berikaa, Essam; Carpentier, Olivier; Alamgir, Imtiaz; et al. (2022): Standalone, CMOS-based Faraday rotation in a silicon photonic waveguide. Optica Publishing Group. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6019376.v2
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Md Samiul Alam